Overweight and obesity are global trends affecting millions of people worldwide. Almost half the population of the United States has a bit of extra weight, while each third American has obesity. Many people believe obesity is just an aesthetic problem and do not realize its health complications. However, having trouble finding brands that fit your body is not a problem at all compared to the damage it does to your internal organs.
What is obesity?
Obesity is commonly defined as having an excess of body fat. The commonly accepted way to tell if you are obese or not is by measuring your Body Mass Index, or BMI. If you are a metric system user, it is very simple to calculate your BMI. You should divide your weight in kilograms by your square height in meters. For example, if a person is 1.70 m tall and weighs 65 kg, their BMI will be 65/1.72 =24.5. However, for imperial system users, it is a bit more difficult because the formula was developed for the metric system. If you do not know your height and weight in meters and kilograms, you can use the same formula for inches and pounds and multiply the result by 703, which allows a fairly accurate approximation. For example, if a person weighs 145 lbs. and their height is 67 inches, their BMI would be (145/672 )x703=22.7.
You are fine if you got a result below 23.5 if you are an Asian American and below 25 if you represent any other ethnicity. If your BMI is below 27 for Asian Americans and 30 for others, you have some extra weight that you should get rid of to stay healthy. If your BMI is above those numbers, you are very likely to have obesity. For a more accurate diagnosis, visit your health care provider and have a discussion with them.
What are the causes?
Generally speaking, obesity is a tribute to the contemporary lifestyle. We eat more and move less. Therefore, our bodies receive a lot more energy than we spend, which results in the accumulation of the fat, where the excessive energy is stored.
Some of the things that contribute to the high prevalence of obesity are sedentary lifestyle, processed foods, and little fresh vegetables and fruits. Therefore, we are paying for the advancements of the civilization with our health. There are many more causes of obesity which you can find on free essay examples to understand it in more detail.
I have a high BMI. What do I do?
First of all, do not self-diagnose and treat obesity. Remember that, on the one hand, BMI is not a 100% accurate measure of excessive fat tissue, and on the other hand, obesity can be caused by numerous underlying health issues, such as endocrine disorders, tumors, genetic alterations, and even mental health problems. It can also occur because of the medications you may be taking. Talk to your health care provider about your concerns and see what you both can do.
Second of all, if you have been diagnosed with obesity, do not panic. You can still manage to lose weight, and there are several things you can do. If your BMI is not too far from the diagnostic cutoff point (i.e. the lowest measure required for the diagnosis), diet and physical activity will help. For more advanced stages of obesity, medications and bariatric surgery may be considered. Either way, if you want to be healthy, nothing can stop you!